If you don't know what a command line interface is then you don't need to use SSH.
All our shared hosting servers allow SSH access in addition to SFTP, the main advantage of SSH is for people who want to manage their WordPress, Nextcloud, Drupal or MediaWiki sites using the commands line interfaces for updating etc, see the respective pages for these content management systems for more information about their command line interfaces.
On shared hosting servers the environment you have access to via SSH is not the environment in which Apache, PHP-FPM and MySQL are running (you SSH into a chroot which has your home directory mounted in it), however you can use the
mysql command line client and
If there are any tools you need and which are not installed please ask for them to be installed (for example if you need an editor other than Vim!).
Ownership and Permissions
Please note that your home directory is owned
root, is in your group and is
0750, we have to made the root directory read-only in order to chroot SFTP, in addition the sub-directory
~/logs has to be owned by
root as Apache runs as
root and if it is unable to write log files Apache won't start — if home was owned by the user account then users would have permission to move
~/logs (even when it is
root:root) and thus break Apache for all users on the server… if you need any additional sub-directories in
$HOME creating and chowning please ask us to do this for you.
PHP-FPM runs as you and Apache runs as
www-data is in your group, this means that directories need to be at least
0750 and files
0640 for Apache to be able to serve them.
Note that by default we set
0700 so this means that while the PHP-FPM process can read files in this directory Apache cannot.
In the past when using Ansible to deploy to our shared hosting servers, to avoid the warnings about SFTP being disabled, you needed add the following to your
You will also need to set these variables: